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离婚后能申请过去的婚姻无效吗

作者:admin  日期:2019-02-23 15:30  人气:
一、离婚后能申请过去的婚姻无效吗
 
Can you apply for invalidity of past marriage after divorce?
 
 
 
不可以了,因为你们的婚姻关系已经解除。在法律上来说你们已经不是夫妻了,所以不能申请。无效婚姻是指在没有无效婚姻制度的前提下,一些人对婚姻法律效力缺乏认识,造成早婚,近亲结婚,包办买卖婚姻、换亲结婚不登记等违法婚姻大量存在,特别是农村偏远地区,这种情况仍然十分突出。
 
No, because your marriage has been dissolved. Legally speaking, you are no longer husband and wife, so you can't apply. Invalid marriage means that in the absence of an invalid marriage system, some people lack awareness of the legal effect of marriage, resulting in early marriage, close relatives marriage, arranged marriage, marriage without registration, and many other illegal marriages, especially in remote rural areas, this situation is still very prominent.
 
 
 
1、以重婚为由宣告婚姻无效的, 为当事人的近亲属及基层组织;
 
1. If the marriage is declared null and void on the grounds of bigamy, it shall be the close relatives and grass-roots organizations of the parties concerned;
 
 
 
2、以未到法定婚姻为由宣告婚姻 无效的,为未达法定婚龄者的近亲属 ;
 
2. If a marriage is declared null and void on the grounds that it has not reached the legal age of marriage, it shall be a close relative of the person who has not reached the legal age of marriage.
 
 
 
3、以有禁止结婚的亲属关系为由 申请宣告婚姻无效的,为当事人的近 亲属;
 
3. If a marriage is declared null and void on the grounds of relatives prohibited from marrying, it shall be the close relatives of the parties concerned.
 
 
 
4、以婚前患有医学上认为不应当 结婚的疾病,婚后尚未治愈为由申请 宣告婚姻无效的,为与患者共同生活 的近亲属。
 
4. If a marriage is declared null and void on the grounds that the medical doctor believes that it should not be married before marriage and that it has not yet been cured after marriage, it shall be a close relative living with the patient.
 
 
 
5、未根据《婚姻法》到有关部门 登记办理手续的也视为无效婚姻。
 
5. Failure to go through formalities with relevant departments in accordance with the Marriage Law shall also be regarded as invalid marriage.
 
 
 
什么是无效婚姻?
 
What is invalid marriage?
 
 
 
无效婚姻是指在没有无效婚姻制度的前提下,一些人对婚姻法律效力缺乏认识,造成早婚,近亲结婚,包办买卖婚姻、换亲结婚不登记等违法婚姻大量存在,特别是农村偏远地区,这种情况仍然十分突出。
 
Invalid marriage means that in the absence of an invalid marriage system, some people lack awareness of the legal effect of marriage, resulting in early marriage, close relatives marriage, arranged marriage, marriage without registration, and many other illegal marriages, especially in remote rural areas, this situation is still very prominent.
 
 
 
婚姻无效制度的确立,使得司法机关在处理违法婚姻的时候有明确充足的法律依据,进而改变了以前违法婚姻解除后果等同于合法婚姻解除后果的状况,避免了不必要的法律冲突,从而维护了中国婚姻法的严肃性和权威性。本文试就中国无效婚姻的构成、法律后果及审判中应注意的问题。
 
The establishment of invalid marriage system makes the judicial organs have clear and sufficient legal basis in dealing with illegal marriages, thus changing the previous situation that the consequences of dissolution of illegal marriages are equal to the consequences of dissolution of legitimate marriages, avoiding unnecessary conflicts of laws, thus safeguarding the seriousness and authority of China's marriage law. This article tries to discuss the constitution, legal consequences and problems that should be paid attention to in the trial of invalid marriage in China.
 
 
 
无效婚姻有几种情形?
 
How many kinds of invalid marriages are there?
 
 
 
根据《婚姻法》第10条规定,有下列情形之一的,婚姻无效:重婚的;有禁止结婚的亲属关系的;婚前患有医学上认为不应当结婚的疾病,婚后尚未治愈的;未到法定婚龄的。《婚姻法》第11条规定:因胁迫结婚的,受胁迫的一方可以向婚姻登记机关或人民法院请求撤销该婚姻。受胁迫的一方撤销婚姻的请求,应当自结婚登记之日起一年内提出。被非法限制人身自由的当事人请求撤销婚姻的,应当自恢复人身自由之日起一年内提出。
 
According to Article 10 of the Marriage Law, marriage is invalid under one of the following circumstances: bigamy; relatives forbidden to marry; pre-marital illness that medical considerations should not be married before marriage, which has not yet been cured after marriage; those who have not reached the legal age of marriage. Article 11 of the Marriage Law stipulates that if a marriage is coerced, the coerced party may request the marriage registration authority or the people's court to cancel the marriage. A coerced party's request for annulment of marriage shall be made within one year from the date of registration of marriage. If a party whose personal freedom is illegally restricted requests to cancel the marriage, it shall make the request within one year from the date of restoring the personal freedom.
 
 
 
由此可见,不管是自始无效婚还是可撤销婚均欠缺法律规定的结婚要件,所以我国的无效婚姻应分自始无效婚和可撤销婚两种。自始无效婚是指婚姻因欠缺实质要件,从成立时起就没有法律效力的婚姻,即有效的婚姻关系从来就没有存在过。可撤销婚姻,又称为相对无效的婚姻,就是指双方当事人欠缺结婚合意的婚姻。凡是属于严重违反公益性结婚要件而形成的婚姻,属自始无效婚;一般性违反公益要件或违反公益要件的婚姻,属可撤销婚。
 
It can be seen from this that no matter whether it is self-invalid marriage or revocable marriage, there is no legal requirement for marriage. Therefore, invalid marriage in our country should be divided into two types: self-invalid marriage and revocable marriage. Invalid marriage refers to a marriage which has no legal effect since its establishment because of lack of essential elements, that is, effective marriage relationship has never existed. Revoidable marriage, also known as relatively ineffective marriage, refers to the lack of marriage agreement between the two parties. All marriages that are formed in serious violation of the elements of public welfare marriage are invalid from the very beginning; marriages that generally violate the elements of public welfare or violate the elements of public welfare are revocable.
 
 
 
综上所述,对于离婚以后的婚姻无效的申请可以说是不可以再进行申请了,因为在离婚以后已经解除了夫妻双方的关系,在法律意义上不再是夫妻,所以不能申请婚姻无效,对宣告婚姻无效的情况是要满足法律上规定的条件的。
 
In conclusion, the application for invalidity of marriage after divorce can not be said to be applied again, because the relationship between husband and wife has been dissolved after divorce, and is no longer husband and wife in the legal sense, so it can not apply for invalidity of marriage, and the situation of declaring invalidity of marriage must meet the conditions prescribed by law.

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