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海关最新数据:中国5月原油进口量创历史次高水

作者:admin  日期:2018-11-05 14:49  人气:
中国5月份的原油进口量已经增至历史次高水平,值得注意的是,目前的国际原油价格已经连续下跌五周,WTI和布伦特原油期货已经双双进入熊市区间。
 
China's crude oil imports in May have risen to a historic sub-high level. It is noteworthy that the current international crude oil prices have fallen for five consecutive weeks, and WTI and Brent crude oil futures have entered the bear market.
 
 
 
媒体分析称。主要因为在原油价格处于低位之际,中国炼油企业希望抓住炼油利润率仍处于不错水平的商机。
 
Media analysis said. Mainly because at a time when crude oil prices are at a low level, Chinese refineries want to seize the business opportunities that refining profit margins are still at a good level.
 
 
 
分析师称,中国继续向战略石油储备中注油的举措也是5月份进口量增加的一个原因。
 
Analysts said that China's continued efforts to inject oil into strategic oil reserves also contributed to the increase in imports in May.
 
 
 
根据中国海关上周五公布的数据,中国5月份进口原油3,720万吨,较上年同期增长15.4%,日均进口量为880万桶。5月份的原油进口量略低于3月份的规模。中国3月份进口原油3,895万吨,合920万桶/日,创历史最高水平。
 
According to data released by China Customs on Friday, China imported 37.2 million tons of crude oil in May, up 15.4% from the same period last year, with an average daily import of 8.8 million barrels. Crude oil imports in May were slightly below the scale of March. China imported 38 million 950 thousand tons of crude oil in March, up to 9 million 200 thousand barrels per day, the highest level in history.
 
 
 
5月份原油进口量的增长基本符合预期,因为中国炼油企业一直在增加产量。中国炼油企业当月的原油加工总量同比增长5.4%,至4,662万吨。
 
The growth of crude oil imports in May basically met expectations, as China's refining companies have been increasing production. The total volume of crude oil processing in China's oil refining enterprises increased 5.4% to 46 million 620 thousand tons.
 
 
 
导致中国原油需求增长的另一个因素是国内的原油产量正在下降,促使中国炼油企业进口原油。中国5月份的原油产量同比下降3.7%,至1,626万吨/日,为中国从2011年开始公布这一数据以来的最低水平。
 
Another factor contributing to the growth of China's crude oil demand is the decline in domestic crude oil production, which has prompted Chinese refineries to import crude oil. China's crude oil production fell 3.7% in May from a year earlier to 16.26 million tons per day, the lowest level since the data was released in 2011.
 
 
 
分析人士称,展望未来,中国原油进口可能继续上升。上周,中国政府向国内民营和国有炼油厂发放了更多原油进口配额。算上最新发放的配额,合计发放的配额达到9,173万吨,超过了去年全年的配额。
 
Analysts say China's crude oil imports may continue to rise in the future. Last week, the Chinese government issued more quotas for crude oil to domestic private and state-owned refineries. Taking into account the latest quota, the total quota issued reached 91.73 million tons, exceeding the quota for the whole year of last year.
 
 
 
但行业观察人士现在的问题是:在内需疲弱不振之际,持续稳健增长的原油进口将如何转化为成品油出口?
 
But the question for industry observers now is: how will sustained and steady growth in crude oil imports translate into refined oil exports at a time of weak domestic demand?
 
 
 
海关数据显示,今年前五个月,中国汽油出口同比增长21%,虽然5月份汽油出口同比下降18%,至64万吨。
 
Customs data show that in the first five months of this year, China's gasoline exports grew 21% year-on-year, although in May, gasoline exports fell 18% year-on-year to 640,000 tons.
 
 
 
柴油出口也表现出同样的趋势。5月份柴油出口同比下降17%,至123万吨,但1-5月,柴油出口同比增长21.3%。
 
Diesel exports also showed the same trend. In May, diesel exports fell 17% to 1 million 230 thousand tons, but 1-5 months, diesel exports grew 21.3%.

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