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中国保持澳大利亚最大贸易伙伴地位 为何中国对

作者:admin  日期:2018-11-05 14:45  人气:
据澳方统计,在2015年中澳双边贸易额下降为为1072.1亿美元后,2016年实现迅速反弹,2016年中澳双边贸易额1552亿澳元(1澳元约合0.77美元), 占澳对外贸易总额的23.1%;美国是澳大利亚第二大贸易伙伴,双边贸易额为643亿澳元;日本排名第三,双边贸易额为610亿澳元。
 
According to Australian statistics, the bilateral trade between China and Australia rebounded rapidly in 2016 after falling to 107.21 billion US dollars in 2015. In 2016, the bilateral trade between China and Australia amounted to 155.2 billion Australian dollars ($1.77), accounting for 23.1% of Australia's total foreign trade; the United States was Australia's second largest trading partner, with a bilateral trade volume of 64.3 billion Australian dollars; Name third, bilateral trade volume is 61 billion Australian dollars.
 
 
 
中国同时是澳大利亚最大的出口目的地和进口来源地。2016年,澳大利亚向中国出口了价值930亿澳元的货物和服务,同时从中国的进口额为621亿澳元。
 
China is also Australia's largest export destination and source of imports. In 2016, Australia exported goods and services valued at A$93 billion to China, while imports from China amounted to A$62.1 billion.
 
 
 
数据还显示,2016年澳大利亚服务和货物贸易总额达到创纪录的6730亿澳元。在澳大利亚2.4%的经济增长率中,对外贸易的贡献超过1.5个百分点。
 
Data also showed that in 2016 Australia's total trade in services and goods reached a record $673 billion. In Australia's economic growth rate of 2.4%, foreign trade contributed more than 1.5 percentage points.
 
 
 
矿产品一直是澳大利亚对中国出口的主力产品,也是形成中国对澳贸易逆差的主要原因,中国成为工业大国离不开长期以来工业原料的进口。2015年出口额为377.8亿美元,下降35.5%,占澳对中国出口总额的62.0%。贵金属及制品是澳对中国出口的第二大类商品,出口额67.7亿美元,增长6.9%,占澳对中国出口总额的11.1%。贱金属及制品是澳对中国出口的第三大类商品,出口额24.1亿美元,下降0.7%。
 
Mineral products have always been the main export products of Australia to China, and also the main reason for China's trade deficit with Australia. China can not become an industrial power without the import of industrial raw materials for a long time. In 2015, exports amounted to 37 billion 780 million US dollars, down 35.5%, accounting for 62% of Australia's total exports to China. Precious metals and products are Australia's second largest category of exports to China, with exports of $6.77 billion, an increase of 6.9%, accounting for 11.1% of Australia's total exports to China. Base metals and products are Australia's third largest category of exports to China, with exports of $2.41 billion, down 0.7%.
 
 
 
由于矿产品在对中国出口中的份额超过60%,因此,矿产品对中国出口的表现基本决定了澳对中国出口的整体表现,澳对中国矿产品出口下降较多,中国也成为澳出口下降最多的主要市场之一。
 
As the share of mineral products in China's exports exceeds 60%, the performance of mineral products in China's exports basically determines the overall performance of Australia's exports to China. Australia's exports of mineral products to China have declined more, and China has become one of the major markets in which Australia's exports have declined the most.
 
 
 
澳大利亚自中国进口的主要商品为机电产品、纺织品和家具玩具制品,2015年合计进口282.8亿美元,占澳大利亚自中国进口总额的61.2%。除上述产品外,贱金属及制品、塑料橡胶产品、化工产品等也为澳大利亚自中国进口的主要大类商品(HS类),在进口中占比均超过或接近5%。
 
The main commodities imported by Australia from China are mechanical and electrical products, textiles and furniture toys. In 2015, the total imports of Australia were 28.28 billion US dollars, accounting for 61.2% of the total imports from China. In addition to the above products, base metals and products, plastic and rubber products, chemical products and other major categories of commodities (HS) imported from China by Australia account for more than or nearly 5% of the imports.
 
 

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