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关于婚外情离婚的法律规定,你知道多少

作者:admin  日期:2019-01-03 14:20  人气:
一、因配偶婚外情起诉离婚,另一方能否提出离婚过错损害赔偿?
 
1. If a divorce is sued for extramarital affairs of a spouse, can the other party claim damages for divorce fault?
 
 
 
 
 
婚外情目前的确是伤害夫妻感情的第一“杀手”,但面对这个问题《婚姻法》并没有与其相对应的补偿或赔偿措施。我国《婚姻法》第46条明确规定了四种可以请求损害赔偿的情形,包括:重婚;有配偶者与他人同居;遗弃、虐待家庭成员的;家庭暴力的。除了这四种情况外,夫妻一方无权请求损害赔偿。
 
Extramarital affairs are indeed the first "killer" of hurting couples'feelings at present, but the Marriage Law has no corresponding compensation or compensation measures to deal with this problem. Article 46 of China's Marriage Law clearly stipulates four situations in which damages can be claimed, including bigamy, cohabitation of spouses with others, abandonment and abuse of family members, and domestic violence. In addition to these four cases, one spouse has no right to claim damages.
 
 
 
如果更进一步说,婚外情只是一种事实状态的描述,重婚及有配偶者与他人同居都属于婚外情的范畴,只不过更为严重而已。假如配偶婚外情的行为构成重婚或有配偶者与他人同居,另一方是可以要求损害赔偿的。
 
If we go further, extramarital affairs are only a description of the factual state, bigamy and cohabitation of spouses with other people belong to the category of extramarital affairs, but only more serious. If the spouse's extramarital affairs constitute bigamy or if the spouse cohabits with others, the other party may claim damages.
 
 
 
二、婚外情离婚的受害方能否向小三请求赔偿?
 
2. Can the victim of extramarital divorce claim compensation from Xiaosan?
 
 
 
根据法律规定,当婚外情离婚满足法定要件时,无过错方就有权向过错方请求损害赔偿。但是婚外情,是过错方和小三之间发生不正当关系而对夫妻一方产生伤害,那么,受伤害的一方能否向小三请求赔偿呢?这个情况目前还无法请求。因为根据《侵权责任法》第二条的规定,破坏合法夫妻关系不属于民事侵权的范畴,而夫妻关系亦不属于民事权益,因此受伤害的一方仅仅能向婚姻关系的另一方请求损害赔偿,并不能向婚姻关系之外的第三人主张。虽然“小三”破坏了夫妻间的感情,但俗话说,“苍蝇不叮无缝的蛋”,如果出轨一方能够保持对妻子对家庭负责任的态度,就不会发生这种事情。在这里,我也希望各位朋友能够抵抗住现实的诱惑,维护良好的家庭生活环境。
 
According to the law, when extramarital divorce meets the legal requirements, the party without fault has the right to claim damages from the party with fault. However, extramarital affairs are caused by an unfair relationship between the fault party and the third child, which causes harm to the spouse. So, can the injured party claim compensation from the third child? This situation is not yet possible. According to Article 2 of the Tort Liability Law, the destruction of the legal relationship between husband and wife does not belong to the category of civil tort, and the relationship between husband and wife does not belong to civil rights and interests. Therefore, the injured party can only claim damages from the other party in the marital relationship, but can not claim damages from the third party outside the marital relationship. Although the "third child" destroys the relationship between husband and wife, as the saying goes, "flies do not bite seamless eggs", if the derailed party can maintain a responsible attitude towards his wife and family, this will not happen. Here, I also hope that you can resist the temptation of reality and maintain a good family environment.
 
 
 
三、婚外情离婚损害赔偿应该在什么时候提出?
 
When should compensation for divorce damage due to extramarital affairs be submitted?
 
 
 
我国《婚姻法》司法解释一第二十九条第三款的规定,在婚姻关系存续期间,当事人不起诉离婚而单独依据该条规定提起损害赔偿请求的,人民法院不予受理。实践中,损害赔偿是与离婚诉讼一同提起的,而能否获得赔偿则需要两方面的考量,第一是能否达到《婚姻法》第四十六条规定的标准,第二是能否判决离婚。也就是说,只有在判决离婚的前提下,亦符合第四十六条的规定,才有可能获得损害赔偿。
 
The People's Court shall not accept the provisions of the third paragraph of Article 29 of the Judicial Interpretation of the Marriage Law of China, which stipulates that during the period of the marriage relationship, the party concerned shall not sue for divorce and file a claim for damages solely in accordance with the provisions of this article. In practice, compensation for damages is brought together with divorce proceedings. Whether compensation can be obtained requires two considerations. The first is whether it can meet the standards stipulated in Article 46 of the Marriage Law, and the second is whether divorce can be judged. That is to say, only on the premise of divorce judgment and in accordance with the provisions of Article 46, can it be possible to obtain damages.
 
 
 
四、婚外情离婚损害赔偿金是多少?
 
4. What is the compensation for divorce damage caused by extramarital affairs?
 
 
 
婚外情离婚损害赔偿金数额很难判断,一般实践中,我们会尊重当事人的意见。毕竟受到伤害的是当事人,而多少赔偿金能给其心理带来安慰每个人又不太一样。不过我们都不会建议当事人把金额定的奇高,因为这个赔偿金更具有补偿性质,我国法院一般不会支持高额赔偿金。另一方面,过高的赔偿金会导致诉讼成本的增加,如果不能得到法院的支持,就要承担本没有必要承担的诉讼费用。
 
It is difficult to judge the amount of compensation for divorce damages in extramarital affairs. In general practice, we will respect the opinions of the parties. After all, it is the parties who are injured, and how much compensation can bring comfort to their psychology is not the same for everyone. However, we will not recommend the parties to set the amount of the exorbitant high, because this compensation is more compensatory, our courts will not generally support high compensation. On the other hand, excessive compensation will lead to an increase in litigation costs. If we can not get the support of the court, we must bear the litigation costs that are not necessary.
 
 
 
五、离婚损害赔偿金应选择一次性给付,还是分期给付?
 
5. Should divorce damages be paid in one lump sum or in installments?
 
 
 
离婚损害赔偿金如果能够一次性支付,还是一次性支付比较好。在实践中,胜诉不是问题,而胜诉之后的执行才是问题。因此,为了以后不致再发生纠纷,一般还是一次性支付为好。司法实践中基本为一次性支付,鲜见分期支付的。分期支付大部分在《民事调解书》中出现。
 
If divorce damages can be paid in one time, it is better to pay in one time. In practice, winning a lawsuit is not a problem, but execution after winning a lawsuit is a problem. Therefore, in order to avoid further disputes in the future, it is generally better to pay one-time. In judicial practice, it is basically a one-time payment, rarely paid in installments. The installment payment mostly appears in the Civil Mediation Letter.
 
 
 
六、婚外情离婚损害赔偿需要哪些证据?
 
6. What evidence is needed for compensation for divorce damage caused by extramarital affairs?
 
 
 
证据对于任何形式的诉讼都至关重要。而重婚等证据往往涉及某一方的个人隐私,取得证据的方式不合法,或侵犯的对方的隐私权,该证据在法庭中是无法被采信的,因此在取证时,希望各位朋友能够咨询专业的婚姻法律师,以免因小失大。
 
Evidence is essential to any form of litigation. Evidence such as bigamy often involves the privacy of one party, the way of obtaining evidence is illegal, or the privacy of the other party is violated. This evidence can not be accepted in court. Therefore, when collecting evidence, I hope you can consult a professional marriage lawyer so as not to lose weight.
 
 
 
在实践中,比较常见的婚外情证据有:照片、录音、短信、qq聊天记录、视频、保证书等。这里我要着重提一下保证书,因为在发现一方出轨后,可能不会马上就上升到要离婚的程度。此时,一定要过错方书写保证书,把事实写清楚,并保证以后不会再犯,以此作为一方有婚外情的证据,以备不时之需。
 
In practice, the more common evidence of extramarital affairs are photographs, recording, text messages, QQ chat records, videos, bonds and so on. Here I would like to highlight the letter of guarantee, because it may not immediately rise to the level of divorce when one party is found to be derailed. At this time, the fault party must write a letter of guarantee, make the facts clear, and ensure that they will not commit any more, as evidence of an extramarital affair, in case of emergencies.
 
 
 
七、婚外情离婚过错方拒绝支付赔偿金怎么办?
 
7. What if the wrongdoer refuses to pay compensation for extramarital divorce?
 
 
 
如果法院已经判决支持了损害赔偿的请求,赔偿义务人就有义务依照判决依法及时履行。义务人在不履行时权利人可以申请法院对赔偿义务人强制执行。如果义务人有能力履行而不履行,或恶意转移财产,那么此行为可能触犯《刑法》的拒不履行法院判决、裁定罪。
 
If the court has decided to support the claim for damages, the compensatory obligor is obliged to fulfill it in time according to the judgment. When the obligor fails to perform, the obligee may apply to the court for compulsory enforcement of the compensatory obligor. If the obligor has the ability to perform but fails to perform, or maliciously transfers property, then this act may violate the Criminal Law's refusal to perform court judgments and convictions.
 
 
 
以上是关于婚外情离婚损害赔偿的法律问题的解答,“百年修得同船渡,千年修得共枕眠”,希望大家珍惜现在的夫妻感情,如果您在收集证据时遇到问题及时的与专业的婚姻法律师联系,最后祝愿各位朋友家庭美满,生活幸福。
 
Above is the answer to the legal question about compensation for divorce damages caused by extramarital affairs. We hope that you will cherish the current relationship between husband and wife. If you encounter problems in collecting evidence and contact professional marriage lawyers in time, at last we wish your friends and families a happy life
 

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