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抚养费算哪些方面的费用

作者:admin  日期:2019-03-12 09:29  人气:
现在离婚的越来越多,很多夫妻可能因为一点小问题就导致离婚了,离婚虽然对于夫妻双方来说是伤害,但是其实最受伤害的还是两人的孩子,既然伤害已经无法挽回,该如何抚养孩子呢?下面找小编就和大家一起来了解一下抚养费算哪些方面的费用及相关问题。
 
Nowadays, more and more divorces are happening. Many couples may divorce because of a little problem. Although divorce is harmful to both spouses, in fact, the most harmful thing is their children. Now that the harm is irreparable, how to raise their children? Next, look for a small editor to work with you to understand what aspects of maintenance costs and related issues.
 
 
 
一、抚养费算哪些方面的费用
 
I. What are the costs of maintenance?
 
我国《婚姻法》规定,离婚孩子抚养费包括:子女生活费、教育费、医疗费等费用。夫妻离婚孩子抚养费给付标准要从以下几个方面综合考虑:
 
China's Marriage Law stipulates that the maintenance fee for divorced children includes the cost of living, education and medical treatment. The standard of child support payment for divorced couples should be considered comprehensively from the following aspects:
 
 
 
(1)子女生活、就学、就医的实际需要;
 
(1) The actual needs of children's life, schooling and medical treatment;
 
 
 
(2)父母双方的负担能力:有固定收入的,抚养费数额一般可按照收入20-30%计算,工资总额包括基本工资、较稳定的奖金;无固定收入或者收入过高或过低的,可依据当地的平均收入计算。
 
(2) The burden capacity of both parents: if there is a fixed income, the amount of maintenance fee can generally be calculated according to 20-30% of the income. The total wage includes basic wages and relatively stable bonuses; if there is no fixed income or if the income is too high or too low, it can be calculated according to the local average income.
 
 
 
抚养费算哪些方面的费用
 
What are the costs of maintenance?
 
 
 
(3)也会涉及到抚养费的给付期限,一般来说,抚养费的给付子女十八周岁为止。十六周岁以上不满十八周岁,以其劳动收入为主要生活来源,并能维持当地一般生活水平的,父母可停止给付抚养费。父母不履行抚养义务时,未成年的或不能独立生活的子女,有要求父母付给抚养费的权利。 “不能独立生活的子女”,是指尚在校接受高中及其以下学历教育,或者丧失或未完全丧失劳动能力等非因主观原因而无法维持正常生活的成年子女。
 
(3) It also involves the period of payment of alimony. Generally speaking, the period of payment of alimony is up to the age of eighteen. Parents who are over sixteen years old and under eighteen years old and whose income from work is the main source of livelihood and can maintain the general living standard of the locality may stop paying maintenance fees. When parents fail to fulfil their maintenance obligations, children who are under age or unable to live independently have the right to ask their parents to pay maintenance fees. "Children who cannot live independently" refers to adult children who are still in high school or below, or who have lost or not completely lost their ability to work and are unable to maintain a normal life for non-subjective reasons.
 
 
 
但是高中以上学历,比如在大学就读,父母则没有法定抚养义务。实践中,对于抚养费支付的方式,大致可分为:
 
But parents with high school or higher education, such as college education, have no statutory parenting obligations. In practice, the ways of payment of maintenance fee can be roughly divided into:
 
 
 
(1)一次性支付给对方;
 
(1) One-time payment to the other party;
 
 
 
(2)定期给付,按月、按季或年定期支付给对方,至孩子成年至十八周岁时止。
 
(2) Pay regularly, monthly, quarterly or annual, until the child reaches the age of eighteen.
 
 
 
二、抚养费的给付标准
 
II. Standards for payment of maintenance fees
 
根据司法解释,夫妻双方协议离婚后,孩子的抚养费可按以下标准支付:
 
According to judicial interpretation, the child's maintenance fee can be paid according to the following criteria after the couple divorces by agreement:
 
 
 
(1)有固定收入的,抚育费一般可按其月总收入的百分之二十至三十的比例给付。负担两个以上子女抚育费的,比例可适当提高,但一般不得超过月总收入的百分之五十。
 
(1) If there is a fixed income, the maintenance fee can generally be paid at the rate of 20-30% of the total monthly income. The proportion of those who bear the child-rearing fee for more than two children may be increased appropriately, but generally not more than 50% of the total monthly income.
 
 
 
(2)无固定收入的,抚育费的数额可依据当年总收入或同行业平均收入,参照上述比例确定。
 
(2) Where there is no fixed income, the amount of the maintenance fee may be determined on the basis of the total income of the year or the average income of the same industry, with reference to the above proportion.
 
 
 
(3)有特殊情况的,可适当提高或降低上述比例。
 
(3) If there are special circumstances, the above proportion may be increased or reduced appropriately.
 
 
 
(4)子女生活所在地的居民消费水平在确定抚养费数额时,子女生活所在地的居民消费水平也是一个重要的衡量指标。人民法院常会以当地的居民消费水平作为判定给付抚养费数额的标准。
 
(4) When determining the amount of alimony, the consumption level of residents in the place where their children live is also an important measure. People's courts often use the consumption level of local residents as the criterion for determining the amount of maintenance payments.
 
 
 
三、支付抚养费考虑哪些因素
 
3. What factors should be taken into account in the payment of maintenance fees
 
(1)子女的实际需要;
 
(1) The actual needs of children;
 
 
 
(2)父母双方的负担能力;
 
(2) The burden ability of both parents;
 
 
 
(3)当地的实际生活水平。
 
(3) The actual living standard of the local people.
 
 
 
以上就是找小编和大家一起了解的关于抚养费算哪些方面的费用的相关问题,通过了解我们知道,抚养费包括有子女教育费、生活费、医疗费等方面的费用,而且抚养费的支付标准并没有一个固定统一的答案,而是要就当地的生活水平、最主要还是要看父母双方的负担能力而定。
 
Above is to find Xiaobian and you all know about the cost of maintenance. Through understanding, we know that maintenance includes the cost of education, living expenses, medical expenses, etc. for children, and there is no fixed and unified answer to the standard of payment of maintenance, but on the local standard of living, the most important thing is to depend on both parents. Affordability depends.

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